Wednesday 13 April 2022

Shabbos - Pesach Tzetl

>6:22pm - Bedikat Chametz, Thursday
<10:27am - Finish eating Chametz, Friday
<11:23am - Sell & Burn Chametz, Friday
  5:36pm - Day 1 Candle Lighting, Friday
>6:32pm - Day 2 Candle Lighting, Saturday 
  6:30pm - Havdalah, Sunday
(Melbourne Australia)
Eruv Status: See
Shabbat Shalom! Chag Sameach!

Sell your chametz

Bedikat Chametz

On the FIRST DAY OF PASSOVER we read from the book of Exodus (12:21-51) of the bringing of the Passover Offering in Egypt, the Plague of the Firstborn at the stroke of midnight, and how "On this very day, G‑d took the Children of Israel out of Egypt."

The reading for the SECOND DAY OF PASSOVER, Leviticus 22:26-23:44, includes: a list of the moadim — the "appointed times" on the Jewish calendar for festive celebration of our bond with G‑d; the mitzvah to Count the Omer (the 49-day "countdown" to the festival of Shavuot which begins on the 2nd night of Passover); and the obligation to journey to the Holy Temple to "to see and be seen before the face of G‑d" on the three annual pilgrimage festivals — Passover, Shavuot and Sukkot.

First Day of Passover Haftarah in a Nutshell
Joshua 3:5-7; 5:2:15; 6:1; 6:27
The haftarah for today mentions the Paschal sacrifice, echoing the Torah portion which describes the preparations and the sacrifice done in Egypt under Moses' leadership.

After thirty days of mourning Moses' passing, Joshua tells the people to prepare themselves for the crossing of the river Jordan, he tells the priests to carry the Ark of the Covenant in front of the people. G‑d tells Joshua that He will show his greatness to the people of Israel "that they may know that as I was with Moses, so will I be with you".

G‑d tells Joshua to circumcise the Jewish men who had not yet been circumcised due to the desert weather, he does so, reminding them of the previous generation of men, who had gone out of Egypt, who had all been circumcised before partaking of the Passover offering. Joshua reminds the people of past events, how they had to wait for that generation to die in the desert as they would not be able to enter the land of Israel. Once everyone was circumcised they waited for all the men to recover.

G‑d tells Joshua "this day have I rolled away the reproach of Egypt from you", referring to a vision of the star of blood which the Egyptians had said was over the Jewish people at the time of the Exodus, not knowing that it was the blood of the circumcision. Joshua calls the place Gilgal. There the people of Israel make camp and offer the Passover sacrifice, two days later G‑d stop sending the manna and the people eat the produce of the land.

Joshua sees a sword-holding man on the outskirts of Jericho and asks him on whose side he is on. "And he said, No, but I am the the captain of the host of the L-rd; I have now come. And Joshua fell on his face to the earth and prostrated himself, and said to him, What does my lord say to his servant? And the captain of the Lord's host said to Joshua, Remove your shoe from your foot; for the place upon which you stand is holy. And Joshua did so."

The haftorah ends with a message that the city of Jericho was under siege and that G‑d was with Joshua.

Second Day of Passover Haftarah in a Nutshell
II Kings 23:1-9, 21-25
The haftarah for the second day of Passover begins after King Josiah learns of a historic Torah scroll that had been discovered in the Holy Temple. It chronicles the public reading of the scroll and the national movement toward return to G‑d that ensued.

Full of newfound inspiration, King Josiah had the idolatrous artifacts and priests removed from the Temple, and destroyed the other shrines that had been erected in Judea.

The king then encouraged the people to celebrate Passover as commanded in the Torah, something that had been neglected for generations.

The haftarah concludes by telling us that "there never was a king before [Josiah] who returned to G‑d with all his heart and all his soul and all his might, [to follow what was] written in the Torah of Moses, and there never afterwards arose another one like him."

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